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Understanding ADHD: Types and Treatment Approaches

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects both children and adults. ADHD is not a one-size-fits-all condition; it presents in various forms, each with its unique challenges. In this article, we'll explore the different types of ADHD and the diverse range of treatments available.

Types of ADHD

ADHD is generally categorized into three main types:

  1. ADHD, Predominantly Inattentive Presentation (ADHD-PI):

    • Individuals with ADHD-PI often struggle with sustaining attention, organizing tasks, and completing projects. They may appear forgetful and easily distracted.

  1. ADHD, Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Presentation (ADHD-PH):

    • ADHD-PH is characterized by impulsive behaviours and excessive energy. People with this type may interrupt others frequently, struggle with patience, and have difficulty sitting still.

  1. ADHD, Combined Presentation (ADHD-C):

    • This type involves a combination of inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms. Individuals with ADHD-C experience challenges in both focus and impulse control.

Treatment Approaches for ADHD

Successfully managing ADHD often involves a multimodal approach that combines behavioural interventions, psychoeducation, and, in some cases, medication. Here are some common treatment approaches:

  1. Behavioural Therapy:

    • Behavioural therapy, provided by our therapists, focuses on modifying specific behaviours associated with ADHD. Techniques such as cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) can help individuals develop coping strategies, improve time management, and enhance organizational skills. Make sure to inquire if your therapist is trained in treating ADHD.

Source: ("Cognitive‐behavioural Interventions," 2018)

  1. Medication:

    • Stimulant medications like methylphenidate and amphetamines are often prescribed to manage ADHD symptoms. Non-stimulant medications, such as atomoxetine, may be recommended for individuals who don't respond well to stimulants.

Source: (Budur et al., 2005)

  1. Parental and Teacher Training:

    • Providing support and education to parents and teachers is crucial in managing ADHD in children. Training programs offer strategies to create a structured and supportive environment for individuals with ADHD.

Source: (Ward et al., 2022)

  1. Mindfulness and Mind-Body Practices:

    • Mindfulness techniques, such as meditation and yoga, can help individuals with ADHD improve focus and manage stress. These practices contribute to overall well-being and may complement other treatment strategies.

Source: (Mitchell et al., 2015)


Understanding the nuances of ADHD and recognizing the diverse treatment options available is essential for individuals and their support networks. A tailored approach that combines therapeutic interventions, educational support, and, when appropriate, medication, can significantly improve the quality of life for those with ADHD.

Remember, consulting with mental health professionals and healthcare providers is crucial to developing an individualized treatment plan. If you or someone you know is struggling with ADHD, seeking guidance from a qualified therapist can be the first step towards effective management and a brighter future.

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